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Greek Grammar in brief

Nouns, Adjectives, and Pronouns

Verbs: Tense

Verbs: Mood

Verbs: Voice

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Vocative

(octopus --> five hand hill)

八爪魚 變 五指山

Present

Perfect

Indicative

Subjunctive

Optative

Imperative

Infinitive

Participle

(ISO PII)

Active Voice

Imperfect

Aorist

Pluperfect

-------

Middle Voice (二五仔)

Future

過去->現在->未來

Future Perfect

完成式

Passive Voice

Verbs: TMV (Tense Mood gives bad Voice.) or Timely Music Video

E.g. Present Indicative Active

Note: The following is in intermediate grammar.

Tense

Reference: Richard A. Young Intermediate NT Greek

Please note that the general approach suggests that the division is continuous (Present, Imperfect), punctiliar (aorist) and Stative/Perfective (perfective, pluperfect).

Time (Aspect)\

Nature (Aktionsart)

Present
Past
Future
Continuous      
Continuous-Point      
Point      

The following classification is made by me. Normally, the aspect does not include the "Continuous-point" which I added to show the special aspect.

Putting into a certain classification may be somewhat artibratary.

Present

 

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

Durative à

Descriptive

(present continuous)

------ Gnomic

Futuristic

Continuous-point

 

...Iterative

à Existing Results

 

Point

Historical (narrative)

() Performative (utter)

Tendential (stating point?) trying to

Imperfect

 

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

Durative à

Descriptive

(past continuous)

Futuristic

Continuous-point  

à Inceptive  

...Iterative

à Voluntative

--à Tendential (trying to)

  

Point

     

Future

 

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

  Gnomic

Progressive

Continuous-point

     

Point

   

Predictive

Imperatival

Deliberative (?)

Aorist

 

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

 

------ Gnomic

 

Continuous-point

à Ingressive (Inceptive, Inchoative) [began to]

() Constative (Complexive, Punctiliar, Comprehensive, Global)

àConsummative (Culminative, Ecbatic, Effective)

   

Point

 

Dramatic (Immediate Past) [just now, has just happened)

Proleptic (Futuristic)

Epistolary (?)

Perfect (Stative)

 

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

 

------ Gnomic

 

Continuous-point

à] Consummative

...Iterative

àIntensive

 

Point

Dramatic

Present State

 

PluPerfect (Stative)

 

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

     

Continuous-point

à] Consummative

...Iterative

àIntensive

 

Point

Past State

   

Future Perfect

 

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

     

Continuous-point

     

Point