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Uses of Cases ( 8 cases)

 

 

Adjectival Phrases

Adverbial Phrases

Noun Phrases

Genitive

Genitive of Description

Attributive Genitive

Genitive of Possession

Genitive of Relationship

Genitive of Content

Genitive of Material

Partitive Genitive

Genitive of Time

Genitive of Space

Genitive of Disassociation

Genitive of Manner

 

Genitive of Price

Genitive of Reason

Genitive of Purpose

 

Genitive of Reference

Genitive Subject

Genitive of Apposition

Genitive Direct Object

Ablative

 

Genitive of Comparison

Genitive of Means

Ablative of Separation

Ablative of Source

 
       

Dative

Dative of Possession

Dative of Relationship

Dative of Identification

Dative of Reference

(redistributed to Locative and Instrumental)

Dative of Indirect Object

Dative of Direct Object

Dative Subject

Dative of Apposition

Locative

 

Dative of Space

Dative of Time

Dative of Sphere

 

Instrumental

 

Dative of Means

Dative of Agency

Dative of Manner

Dative of Degree (=measure)

Dative of Association

Dative of Reason (=cause?)

 

Nominative

 

Adverbial Nominative

Subject Nominative

Predicate Nominative

Nominative of Apposition

Nominative of Address

Nominative of Appellation

Nominative Absolute

Accusative

 

Adverbial Accusatives

Accusative of Space (Robertson)

Accusative of Time (Robertson)

Accusative of Direct Object

Double Accusative

Cognate Accusative

Accusative of Oaths

Accusative Subject of Infinitive

Accusative of Apposition

Accusative Absolutes

       
Deep Structure Event Clause Genitive :
  1. Subjective Genitive (Genitive Absolutes)
  2. Objective Genitive
  3. Verbal Genitive
  4. Compound Verbal Genitive

Comparison in Noun Phrases

Nominative

Accusative

Dative

Genitive

Subject Nominative

Accusative Subject of Infinitive

Dative Subject

Genitive Subject

Nominative of Apposition

Accusative of Apposition

Dative of Apposition

Genitive of Apposition

-----

Accusative of Direct Object

Dative of Direct Object

Genitive Direct Object

Nominative Absolute

 

------

Genitive Absolutes

Predicate Nominative

Cognate Accusative

Dative of Indirect Object

 

Nominative of Address

Double Accusative

   

Nominative of Appellation

Accusative of Oaths

   

Reference:

  1. Robert A. Young. Greek Grammar (Intermediate)
  2. Robertson. Greek Grammar (Advanced)