(Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975)
The Provenance (origin) of the Letter
Proper historical setting; author unknown.
Letter written to Jewish Christians
Theology in the mainstream of X'ty
Not depend on Philo.
The Phenomena of the Quotations
Quotations Vs allusions
38 quotations (supported by 27 OT passages)
Not use in historical books (except 2 Sam 7:14)
in prophetical books (except Isaiah) p.167
cf.NT 19-20 quotations not used, others used uniquely. p.167
Mostly God as the speaker. p.168 [4 times X; 3 times HS as speaker] p.168
Text: Mostly like LXXA. 18 agrees both with LXX and MT.
14 agrees with LXX against MT.
6 unknown sources. p.169
Exegetical Presuppositions and Practices
Affected by Philo ? rejected by modern scholars.
A. Nairne wrote " Philo deals with allegories, the Epistle with symbols." p.171. Evidences and arguements see pp.173-4.
The Biblical Argument
Theme in Heb 1:1-2.
Heb 1:3 -2:4 Psalms, II Sam 7 and Deut 32(LXX)
2:5 - 18 Ps 8:4-6
3:1 -4:13 Ps 95:7-11
4:14-7:28 Ps 110:4
8:1 -10:39 Jer 31:31-34 p.175
He used the contemporary exegetical methods [p.185] and avoided pesher, midrashic and allegorical approaches; but used the Christocentric perspective within traditions of the christian church.