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Rev revision Philip Yim

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Introductory Remarks:

1) Canon position: Eastern ch. doubts <©© 2nd C Montanism; AD 400accepted.

because of millennium (Rev 20)

Now : Ignored <©©©©*> Too interested !

2) Right perspective: oppressed x'ns (not speculation of Ch 13)

eg Rev 6:9*11 ©© vindication (Hab 1:2) & short time.(Rev 1:1.3)

"How long will this be so ?" (4 Ezra 6:59)

II Authorship

Long tradition (eg Irenaeus AH AD 177) [NIC p.36] Apocryphon of Jn

(eg Justin *

√Dial*

* 81.15; 130*135 AD ) Vs Dionysius (250 AD)[Eusebius]

John's name Vs pesudepigraphy. (1 Enoch 1.1*3 ?)

III Situation and Date (p.2)

evidences:

1) 6:9*11 (Cry of the martyr) ©©*> persecution.

2) Apocalyptics mostly written in times of oppression. (Rev 2:10.13)

3) Imperial worship: Domitian (81*96 AD)/ worship living Emperor.

*

√Nero redivivus myth*

* (Sib Or 5.28*34)

4) 17: 3*18(vv.9*11): 7 kings

CCN VT Domitian, future, Antichrist(return Nero); kingdom of God. Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Vespasian, Titus,

IV Apocalypticism

Def:Jewish writings 200 BC * 100 AD heavenly beings reveals God's secrets

1) A particular way of writing: visions, dreams, heavenly journeys,

angelus interpres (4 Ezra 11*13; Dan 7 ; Rev 7)

symbols ; Pseudepigraphical writings: prophecies ex eventu.

2) The perspective on time /history:

short time : 31/2 yrs from Antiochus IV Epiphanes. (Dan 7:25) dualistic view on history: Satan Vs God

Analysis on Daniel

a)Exilic hist error b)in writings c)Sir 44*50 (200 BC) no Dan written in Antiochus Epiphanes(175*164)

(eg Dan 9:27 Zeus altar 167 BC therefore written in 167* 164 BC)

The Apocalyptic styles of Rev (Ch. 12*13)

Introductory comments: 12:1*14:20 is central axis. *

√What*

* is the ruler?

Rev 12: Woman (male child) Vs Dragon : Basic story + Details

Woman= Jewish people * Mary * the church.

Details from Dan 7*12 (multidimensional image) ©©>AE

Rev 13: *

√Evil Trinity*

* : (Rev 16.13) Rev 12:17 Satan seek an ally.

Father Vs Satan (Dragon)

Son Vs Antichrist (Sea beast)

v.3 wound; v.4 worship; v.6 divine claim

vv.16*17 mark followers (cf Christ: 9:4)

Spirit Vs False prophet (Land beast)

vv.11*12 promote worship

*�"��*,���������p-p-p-**"��*** Sea beast: similar to Dan 7, esp John's political situation. 5 pts: emperor cult (13.7); persecution; Nero myth; 7 heads (Rev 17); eagle = Roman ( 4 Ezra 11*12)

re©reading of Dan 7.

2nd beast: Roman Governor / priesthood/ false x'ns prophets

No. of 1st beast: Gematria : Neron Caesar (666)

(Rev 13:18) 6*6*6 Evil Trinity (after 2 beasts)

Basic story of ch.13: 5 pts (p.6) *

√Antichrist©pattern*

*

Nero©like king; holding power; claiming divinity;

prosecute x'ns; will rule a short time.

Hermeneutical Reflections: (p.7f)

I. Introduction:

Understanding (interpretation) Vs Application

Application from meaning for original reader. (original meaning)

II. Types of interpretation:

Heaven: (4)Idealist God

cont©hist church/world©hist futurist Vs

World : (3)Preterist (1)Historicist (2)eschatology Satan Time line: John's ©©©©©©>Church Hist.©©©©*>End

No application ignore original ignore Jn's

reader time

°@

°@

NIC good: 1st C setting ©©©©©©©©©©©© final victory basic pattern criticize:victory never subjective ! ©©©©©©©©©©©© ©©©©©©©©©©©©

achieve !

III.Significant elements:

1) Perspective of time: nearness of the End eg 1.1,3

2) Comfort letter:

3) interpretation (1) to (3) reduces prophecy to prediction (ignore to interpret history in the divine view)

IV. Apocalyptic language:

Picture lang. ©©> meaning & nature NOT what

V. How can Rev be applied today?

1) Starting point: polyvalent , applies diff historical circumstances 2) *

√What*

* is the nature, no *

√Who*

* is the beast ! (©©*>polyvalency)

3) John uses *

√Movable*

* patterns & symbols*

√ń

*

VI. How can we rightly use Rev like Jn using Daniel ?

1) Don't follow details: apo. style or hist. reference.

2) Nature, not identity of the beast:

Conc. of power, with divine claims and prosecute x'ns.

Repeated pattern in history (cf. 1 John 4:1*3)

3) Best understood by oppressed x'ns (eg Rev 13:10) 4) 1 Cor 12:26 "If one member suffers, all suffer together"

5) Emphasis is on the Victorious Lamb : Hope & Comfort