Comparative Grammar

Noun Declension

English
Greek
Latin
German
French
Hebrew
Spanish
Others

English

English

Greek

Reference: Wenham, Elements of New Testament Greek (Oxford: OUP, ).
Robertson, A.T. A Grammar of The Greek New Testament in the Lihgt of Hitorical Research (Nashville: Broadman, 1934).

The nouns were classed according to the termination of the nominative singular.

  Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

First (a, h)

-hV , (p.43, L10)

-aV , (p.43, L10)

-h (p.39, L8),

-a (p.41, L9)

 

Second (o)

-oV , (p.30, L5)

-oV , (p. 196) few words

-on (p.37, L7)

Third (con, i, u)

(various) p.115, L28

p.115, L28

p.118, L29

Latin

Reference: Smith, F. Kinchin. Teach Yourself Latin (London: English Universities Press, 1962).

The nouns were classed according to the termination of the genitive singular.

Masculine
Feminine

Neuter

First (a) ae

-a , (p.25, L1)

-a , (p.25, L1) f

 

Second (o) i

-us, -er (p.33, L3)

 

-um (p.33, L3)

Third (-ium, gen.pl.)

(various) p.48 L7

(various) p.48 L7

 

Fourth (-us, gen.)

-us (p.63, L11)

-us (p.63, L11)

-u (p.63, L11)

Fifth (-ei, gen.)

-es (p.68, L12)

-es (p.68, L12)

 

German (Deutsche)

Reference: Gewehr, Wolf and von Schmidt Wolff A. German Review & Readings (New York: Rinehart and Winston, 1973).

 

Masculine
Feminine

Neuter

Strong

Gen. s. es, -s

es added to monosyllabic, ending in sibilants (s, b, x, z, tz)

Dative s. Optional e

Dative pl. add n except those ending in s or -n

Nom. pl. no ending or ends in e, -er, -s (frequently the stem vowel is umlauted)

None,  except: die Mutter (mother), die Tochter (daughter)

Gen. s. es, -s

es added to monosyllabic, ending in sibilants (s, b, x, z, tz)

Dative s. Optional e

Dative pl. add n except those ending in s or -n

Nom. pl. no ending or ends in e, -er, -s (frequently the stem vowel is umlauted)

Weak

Always ends in en, -n (except Nom. s.)

Always ends in en, -n (except Nom. s.)

Noun with the suffixes: -ei, -ion, -heit, -keit, -schaft, -tät & -ung, add en in the plural.

Noun with suffix ie, add n in the plural.

None

Mixed

Gen. s. -es, -s

Pl. -en, -n

None

Gen. s. -es, -s

Pl. -en, -n

Irregular

der Herr, gentleman

  das Herz, heart

Irregular nouns: der Nachbar, neighbor

French (Francaise)

Reference: Handbook of French Grammar (in Simplified Chinese)

French

Spanish (Espanol)

Spanish

Hebrew (one of Semitic)

Reference: Seow, C. L. A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew (Nashville: Abingdon, 1990).Hebrew

Others

Reference: Lord, Robert Comparative Linguistics